The first thing you need to consider in formatting a book is its size. For trade paperbacks, the most common size is 6×9 inches. Books for children and seniors should have a larger trim size. Illustrations and photographs also have to be considered when choosing your book size.
In book design, the primary element is margin. Once the page size is decided on, then margin follows. If you book is a large one, then your margins should also be larger. The norm for books that are between 5×8 inches and 8×10 inches is margins between 5 inches and 1.25 inches. The margins for your header and footer can be set at default but they can also be measured as half of the margins.
In fiction books, page numbers are required but not headers and footers. If you want to simplify your formatting, then you should put your page numbers on the page bottom instead of on top.
The inside of your book is called book block. Book block is divided into the front matter, the main body text, and the back matter.
The front matter are the page that come before the main body of text. These are traditionally numbered in lower case roman numerals. Although each page is numbered, if the page is blank, the page number is now shown. The half title pages is the first page of you book and is usually on a new right hand page. Here the readers will see only the book title. The subtitles, the name of the author and the publisher’s name are not included in this page. IT is nice to have this page in your book but it is really optional. The full title page is also on a new right hand page which contains the book’s full title, subtitle, the author’s name and the publisher.
The copyright page is located at the back of the title page. The copyright notice, the publishing date, the publisher, and the place it was published is included in the copyright page. This will protect the author from plagiarism.
On a new right hand page, the author can have a dedication page which is according to his full discretion. Forewords written by a recognized authority other than the author is placed on a new right hand page. It explains the importance of the book.
Then you have the table of contents on a new right hand page. This is an accurate listing of chapters and pages on which they begin.
In the main body or the book text, you will find parts, sections, or chapters. If a book is divided into parts, the parts begin on a new right hand page, and these are larger than chapters. If the book is divided into sections, these sections are either larger or smaller than chapters. Chapters are numbered sequentially which most book are divided into.
The back matter consists of the appendix, notes, bibliography, glossary, index, and a colophon. Novels don’t need these but a technical manual might use all of them.